The distinctive Islay is one of the southwest islands of Scotland. The island is relatively flat and it is considered as natural storage of peat. Most distilleries use peat during the drying of the barley in the whisky production process.
The Islay has eight active distilleries, the Ardbeg, the Bowmore, the Bruichladdich, the Bunnahabhain, the Caol Ila, the Kilchoman, the Lagavulin and Laphroaig.
During the economic crisis of the early 1980s, many of the Scottish distilleries were forced to close, especially in 1983 which was a bad year for the single malt. On Islay, the Port Ellen was the only distillery to be closed. The buildings have survived and now the facilities are used for the production of malts which is supplied to the other distilleries on Islay.